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Introduction 7 10. From the latter half of the 16th century, the Mughals expanded their kingdom from Agra and Delhi, until in the 17th century they controlled nearly all of the subcontinent. His epitaph is famous by the name of ‘Bappa Rawal’. This article throws light on the Mughal era in India like Economic & Social Life, Agriculture, Trade Growth, etc. The ulises of Rathores — Colonel James Todd has addressed Veer Durgadas Rathore as ‘the Ulises of Rathores’. Padmavat — The composition of Malik Muhammad Jaysi. are inscribed on both the sides. Mughal empire was established in India by Babur. Mahmud Ghaznavi — Turkish invader. In Gwalior Prashasti, Nagabhata-I has been adorned with the title of Narayana as he had failed the invasions made by foreigners and was the well wisher of the helpless. According to a secret plan, Gauri suddenly attacked one night at Rajput army. Read the well-illustrated answers to score good marks in exams. The story of Padmini has been historically described by Malik Muhammad Jayasi in his composition, ‘Padmavat’. This issue was the height of call of struggle between these two rulers. Kumbha imprisoned him and after six months, released him without any condition. Rao Chandrasen was the first ruler of independent thoughts in Rajasthan during the period of Akbar. Sayyid brother-Abdullah Khan and Hussain Ali were regarded as the empire builders of Delhi. Johar — A tradition of Rajputana in contemporary period in which the queen burnt herself after the death of king in battlefield. Dahir Sen was a Brahmin ruler of Sindh. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. The chapter deals with the Mughal Rulers, Mughal lineage and administration under the Mughal Empire After years of wandering he seized Kabul in 1504. pieces to Ghazni, Mecca and Madina and settled them under the staircases of the main mosque. Demographics. “The heart of the Mughal Empire was its capital city”. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. According to this composition, the main cause of attack on Ranthambore was giving protection to the rebels of Alauddin Khilji by Hammir Chauhan. He is regarded as the second founder of Maratha Empire. Accusation of Sanga for not keeping his promise. Seven kings, and 104 small chieftains used to live along with him. Refer to other chapters and books at other links (NCERT now providing you soft copies of all textbooks of all subjects from class first to twelfth online). A violent struggle took place and Mahmud Khilji was defeated. This is considered as the first epic of Hindi literature. Khirzabad — After defeating Rawal Ratan Singh, Alauddin Khilji changed the name of Chittor to Khirzabad and handed its administration to his oC” Khizr Khan and returned to Delhi. He was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs. But as the Mughals turned out to be effective numerous different rulers likewise went along with them willfully. In order to avenge for the assassination of some of his soldiers, Prithviraj attacked Mahoba state in 1182 CE. In this lesson plan, we encourage our students to enhance their understanding of the Mughal Empire through a collaborative project that builds upon the knowledge conveyed in this lesson. It meant second Alexander. Marks are indicated against each question.This question paper comprises of six sections. Babur 30 April 1526 – 26 December 1530 26 December 1530 – 17 May 1540 and 22 February 1555 - 27 January 1556 Humayun Akbar 27 January 1556 – 27 October 1605 Jahangir 15 October 1605 – 8 November 1627 8 November 1627 – 2 August 1658 Shah Jahan Aurangzeb 31 July 1658 – 3 March 1707 2. India's population growth accelerated under the Mughal Empire, with an unprecedented economic and demographic upsurge which boosted the Indian population by 60% to 253% in 200 years during 1500–1700. The administrative organization of the Mughal Empire allowed it to prosper for more than two centuries before being overrun by the Marathas. It is considered that she loved Prithviraj Chauhan and this became the cause of conflict between Prithviraj Chauhan and Jaichand. The Mughals followed the custom of co-parcenary inheritance, where parental property was divided equally among all the sons. The first Turkish invade? Demographics Population. Previous Activity The Mughal Empire - Questions. Explain. The Mughal emperors (or Moghul) built and ruled the Mughal Empire on the Indian subcontinent, mainly corresponding to the modern countries of India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh.The Mughals began to rule parts of India from 1526, and by 1700 ruled most of the sub-continent. The Sayyid brothers had dethroned Bahadur Shah-I and enthroned Farrukhsiyar on the Mughal throne, but soon after this, he started a conspiracy against these two brothers. Sindh — The part of ancient India which faced the invasions of foreigners for seventy five years. At the time of Sanga’s death, at least 80 bruises of blows of swords and spears were present on his body which proved the ‘remains of a soldier’. Nomadic Empires 13 . Cultural and Political Maps Citation "Image:The Mughal Empire.jpg." Click The Mughal Empire Worksheet 1.pdf link to view the file. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Fig. The above order of Khalifa was issued because of the allegation on Bin Qasim to have taken away the virginity of Dahir’s daughters. Pratap had established such a strong rule that even the women and children did not fear anyone. Mughal dynasty, Muslim dynasty of Turkic-Mongol origin that ruled most of northern India from the early 16th to the mid-18th century. HISTORY CLASS XI-XII (2019-20) (Code No. Even after being a conqueror, Prithviraj Chauhan lacked foresightedness and diplomacy. Question 2. Who wrote Ain-i-Akbari. Nagbhatta-II — As a result of his victories, Nagabhatta-II became the most powerful ruler of south India. There were plenty of reasons for the decline of Mughal empire. Explore more through coinage of Mughals at Mintage World. The opposite group tried to capture Mewar. Annual income of his state was ten crore rupees. These books talk about servants of emperor, administration, judicial departments, Hindu philosophies, sayings of Akbar etc. Persian, Indian, and various provincial styles were fused to produce works of unusual quality and refinement such as the Taj Mahal, in Agra. Shivaji was forced to enter the treaty of Purandar with Jai Singh in June 1665 CE. The Mughal Empire Class 7 Notes Social Science History Chapter 4 Babur (1526-1530) was the first Mughal emperor, who became the ruler of old Delhi by defeating Ibrahim Lodi at Panipat in 1526. Due to the use of traditional weapons, war while sitting on elephant, lack of unity and their momentum, Rajputs were defeated. Protection of the refugees — This meant to give protection to those people who approached. These texts are associated with the process of enthronement as per ancient scripturers, astrological science and forest science respectively. Just like in other countries, the objective of propogating their religion inspired Arabs to invade upon India also. NCERT Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 – The Mughal Empire–Solutions to Question 12-Definition of Keywords-Mughal, Mansab, Jagir, Zat, Sawar, Sulh-ikul-Primogeniture, Coparcenary, Zabt and Zamindar. Veer Vinod — The composition of poet Shyamaldas. Nav Muslim — Nav Muslim were those mongols who had settled in India during the reign of Jalaluddin Firoz Khilzi and had accepted Islam as their religion. Mughals gave mansab and jagirs which helped them to extend their domains. He was the ruler of Ghazni. On one hand, he was unhappy as his Son Sambhaji had moved in the haven of the Mughals and on the other hand, his wife Soyarabai was planning a conspiracy to make her son Rajaram as his successor. Table 1 charts some of the major campaigns of the Mughals. Dalpangul — After gaining victory in several battles, Prithiviraj gained the title of ‘Dalpangul’. The Mughal (or Mogul) Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan in the 16th and 17th centuries. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Population. 77–96 in JSTOR Habib, Irfan. Login to see the comments ... 1526-1530 Babur 1530-1556 Humayun 1556-1605 Akbar 1605-1627 Jahangir 1628-1658 Shah Jahan 1659-1707 Aurangzeb Mughal empire classic period 5. His grandson, Akbar, was considered as the greatest Mughal Emperor. However, Kumbha became successful in suppresing the enemies but some were successful in fleeing and reaching the haven of Malwa’s Sultan Mahumud Khilji. NCERT Notes: India Under The Mughals [Medieval Indian History Notes For UPSC] The Mughal reign was a crucial phase in Indian History. If you have any query regarding UP Board Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 1 Beginning of Mughal Empire in India: Babar and Humayun (भारत में मुगल साम्राज्य का प्रारम्भ- बाबर और हुमायूँ), drop a comment below and we will get back to you at the earliest. According to the provisions of this treaty, he handed oves 23 forts to Mughals. CBSE Solutions For Class VII History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. Rana Sanga became successful in the battle of 1517 CE. In his coins of 115 grams, kamdhenu, calf, shivling, nandi, a man bowing on his knees, river, fish, trident etc. The rampart of Kumbhalgarh fort built by Kumbha is 36 km long, which is regardedas the world’s longest wall after the Great Wall of China. There were one lakh soldiers in his army. Knowledge Base. Due to this, he was regarded to be ‘of a stable mindset during the war’. Scribes or calligraphers used to copy the text. According to Firishta, Kumbha granted wealth to the invaders and sent them back, while according to Kirti Stambh Prashasti and Rasikpriya, Kumbha defeated both the Sultans. At that time, he was merely 20 years of age. After his death, the Arab invasion began in India. The Mughal Empire was the most powerful Islamic empire in the history of India, and it has lived for centuries in the Western imagination as a wonderland of unimaginable treasures, symbolized most clearly by the breathtaking beauty of the Taj Mahal. NCERT Solutions Class 12 History 2 Chapter 8 Peasants, Zamindars And The State Agrarian Society and the Mughal Empire. arrow_back Administration of Mughal Empire. CBSE Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire Important Questions are also devised based on major concepts of the Chapter, thus helping the students to prepare well for the exam. In 1173 CE, Gaur ruler Ghiyasuddin occupied Ghazni and appointed his younger brother Shihabuddin as the ruler of Ghazni. Muhammad Bin Qasim — The Arab invader who was woven in the skin of an ox alive because of the allegation on him to have taken away the virginity of Dahir’s daughters. Chaudhuri, K. N. "Some Reflections on the Town and Country in Mughal India", Modern Asian Studies (1978) 12#1 pp. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Although the ruling class and administrative elite of the Mughal Empire could variously identify themselves as Turani , Irani , Shaikhzada (Indian Muslim) and Hindu Rajput, the empire itself was Indo-Persian, having a hybridized, pluralistic Persianate culture. Shivaji was the son of Sardar Shahji Bhonsle and Jijabai. Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire. Hindu Suratran — Due to the victory on Mughal rulers, Maharana Kumbha was called Hindu Surtran (Sultan of the Hindus). The Arabian people learned various fundamental principles such as number system, decimal system, medical science and astrology also. Dahir recieved matyrdom on June 20, 712 CE. NCERT Solutions For Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire. Babur has written in his appreciation that ‘Rana Sanga had become a great person on the basis of his courage and sword. The internal security was also provided to people to such extent that no innocent person was given punishment. It consolidated Islam in South Asia, and spread … Fig. You can change your ad preferences anytime. He was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to the invasion of another Mongol group, the Uzbegs. CBSE Sample Papers; HSSLive. After this lesson, students will be able to: 1. explain the foundation of the Mughal Empire 2. explain the qualities that made Babur and Akbar the Great successful 3. explain the fall of the Mughal Empire What information does Abul […] Aurangzeb’s successors are referred to as the Later Mughals and are less-known in the history of the Mughal Empire in India compared to the Great Mughals. The Mughal Empire, descendants from the Mongol Empire of Turkestan in the 15th Century, ruled the majority of India and Pakistan during the 16th and 17th Centuries. In 1740 CE, Bajirao defeated Nasir Jung, the second son of Nizam Ul-Mulk and forced him to sign the treaty of Mungi Shivagaon. After years of wandering he seized Kabul in 1504. The wives of ordinary soldiers also did so. For this, he not only made Rathore- Sisodiya alliance by the support of Mewar’s Maharana Raj Singh but also inspired Prince Akbar to revolt against the Emperor. The Mughal Empire 1 2. The Mughal Empire (also known as Mogul, Timurid, or Hindustan empire) is considered one of the classic periods of India's long and amazing history. The Mughal Empire. In Gwalior Prashasti, Nagabhata-I has been adorned with the title of ‘Narayan’ as he had failed the invasions made by foreigners and was the well wisher of the helpless. He got victory two times. What information does Abul […] These texts clearly depicted the policies of Mughal Empire which they sought to impose on their domain. Solution : The process of manuscript production in the Mughal court involved a variety of tasks as mentioned below : Paper makers prepared the folios of the manuscript. Name any two sources to reconstruct the Age of the Mughals. Prithviraj Raso — The epic composed by Chandarbardai, the court poet of Prithviraj Chauhan. Log in, RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Rajasthan Adhyayan, RBSE Solutions for Class 10 Physical Education, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Rajasthan Adhyayan, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Physical Education, RBSE Solutions for Class 9 Information Technology, RBSE Solutions for Class 8 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 7 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 6 Social Science, RBSE Solutions for Class 5 Environmental Studies, Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window). Watch Queue Queue. Prophet Muhammad — The founder of Islam. To eliminate Shivaji, he appointed his uncle Shaista Khan as the subedar of the south. 157.7KB PDF document. The boundaries of his empire extended from Kashmir in the north to Kannauj in the east. He was a Brahmin ruler. Shivaji struggled throughout his if to instill a renewed spirit of renaissance and for the objective of establishing an independent Hindu kingdom. 12 years old. From his childhood, Shivaji had acquired full knowledge of the Ramayana, the Mahabharata and other Hindu scriptures. Recent Posts. As a result of his victories, Nagabhatta-II became the most powerful ruler of South India. From the side of his father Umar Sheikh Mirza, he was the fifth descendant of Timur and from the side of his mother Qutlugh Nigar Khanum, he was the fourteenth descendant of Genghis Khan. Here you can get complete NCERT Solutions for Class 12 History Chapter 8 Peasants, Zamindars And The State Agrarian Society and the … After you have studied lesson, you must be looking for answers of its questions. During the Indian national movement, the Vijaya stambha had became the source of inspiration for the revolutionaries. Marks: 80 General Instructions: • Answer all the questions. In India, Mughal empire was founded by Babur in 1526 CE. Mughal Empire — The rule of Mughals which was established by Babur after the third battle of Panipat. Mughal painting is a particular style of South Asian, particularly North Indian (more specifically, modern day India and Pakistan), painting confined to miniatures either as book illustrations or as single works to be kept in albums ().It emerged from Persian miniature painting (itself partly of Chinese origin) and developed in the court of the Mughal Empire of the 16th to 18th centuries. As the Mughal invasions had ended, Pratap led the last days of his life while ruling peacefully upon Chavand. Babur used them effectively in the first battle of Panipat. According to it, Alauddin Khilji attacked upon Rawal Ratan Singh to get Queen Padmavati. After becoming the ruler, Pratap did not accept the sovereignty of Akbar, contrary to other provinces such as Amer, Bikaner and Jaisalmer, rather he chose to give importance to the independence of his motherland and adhering to the prestige of his clan, he chose to fight against the Mughals. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. Due to these heroic qualities, Durgadas won the heart of a stone hearted person such as Aurangzeb and acquired Mansab. The Forgotten Hero ofMarwar — Due to getting less importance, Chandra sen was called the Forgotten hero ofMarwar. In such conditionsm, Shivaji died in April 1680 CE. Historian Dr Dashrath Sharma has accepted the incident of Samyogita as a historical fact in ‘The Early Chauhan Dynasties’. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Answer: The author of Ain-i-Akbari is Abul Fazal. Improve your Grades. The Mughal Empire, ... the British displaced the Mughal ruling class in Bengal. References. The fundamental wellspring of wage accessible to Mughal rulers was impose on the create of the working class. Mandan wrote architectural books named Devamurti Prakarana (Rupavatara), Prasad Mandan, Raja Vallabha (Bhupati Vallabha), Rup Mandan, Vastu Mandan, Vastu Shastra, Vastukar etc. Question 3. The Mughal Empire, ... By the late 18th century, the British displaced the Mughal ruling class in Bengal. Study it carefully and see if you can notice any long-term patterns. Arab Invasion: No other country of the world confronted the invasions made by the Arabs and the Turks in such an extended, rigid and successful way, as India of the medieval period did. After the death of Peshwa Balaji Vishwanath, his elder son Bajirao (1720-40 CE) was appointed on the post of Peshwa. The name of Veer Durgadas is famous in the history of Marwar. Download to practice offline. The Empire of the Great Mughals: History, Art and Culture (Reaktion 2006) Society and economy. The Mughal Empire 1 2. After getting it in the battle, Akbar named it ‘Peer Prasad’. No matter how interesting their lives had been, history does not only belong to them. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Videos. THE MUGHAL EMPIRE Chapter 10. The defeated Prithviraj was imprisoned near Sirsa at a place called Saraswati. At the time of weak successors of Shivaji, the reign of Maratha kingdom came in the hands of Peshwa (Prime Minister). Prithviraj forcefully kidnapped Samyogita, the daughter of Jaichand and married her. On the basis of the incident of the plundering of the Arabian Ships’ Arabs attacked Dahir Sen. Dahir bravely faced the enemies. Answer: Ain-i-Akbari and Akbamamah. Royal control was established upon Jodhpur by his efforts. In 1526 he defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, at Panipat and captured Delhi and Agra. Marks are indicated against each question.This question paper comprises of six sections. Historians such as Dr R. S. Tripathi, Gauri Shankar, Hirachand and Visweswara Rao have rejected this historic event as just a love story. It mainly focuses of the empire of Akbar. Balaji Vishvanath — He was called the second founder of Maratha Empire. Tuzek-e-Babri — The autobiography of Babur in Turkish language. The same Shihabuddin became famous by the name of Muhammad Ghori in history. Introduction 7 6. Download the best NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Social Science History Chapter 4 - The Mughal Empire. An empire across three continents 15 7. See also: Demographics of India: History. Hindupat — A title of Maharana Sanga which means Hindu chief. The vijayanagar empire History Project Class 12 CBSE EDU RESOURCES https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC3NkrW6yDrJy2w2DpxoH_Hg. Students can learn further about the Mughal Empire and their rule in Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 7 History. Watch Queue Queue … Famous poet Suryamall Misan of Bundi and various modem historians have not accepted the historicity of the story of Padmini. Summary. Dahir — ruler of Deval. Bappa Rawal is regarded as the actual founder of Guhil dynasty of Mewar. In this essay, I have attempted to reconstruct the history of ordinary women in the everyday life of the Mughal empire. In 1526 he defeated the Sultan of Delhi, Ibrahim Lodi, at Panipat and captured Delhi and Agra. At the time of becoming ruler, various internal and external problems were present in front of Kumha. Kumbha has been called Rano Raso (the protector of scholars). What topics should I cover in a project on The Mughal Empire for class 12 boards - English - Article Writing Literary Source: Ain-i-Akbari It was written by Abul Fazi. Read the well-illustrated answers to score good marks in exams. NCERT Class 12 History Kings And Chronicles(The Mughal Courts) . CBSE has decided to introduce project work in history for classes XI and XII in 2013-14 as a part of regular studies in classroom, as project work gives students an opportunity to develop higher cognitive skills. Section C: Changing Traditions 50 19 9. Chandar Bardai was his royal poet, whose text ‘Prithviraj Raso’ is regarded as the first epic of Hindi literature. Sikandar Sani — Alauddin Khilji assumed this title. HISTORY (027) CLASS-XII Time Allowed:3hrs Max. They can just answer these questions for practice and score well in the exam. India became united under one rule, and had very prosperous cultural and political years during the Mughal rule. Plan class 12 history project on mughal empire Gauri suddenly attacked one night at Rajput army Shivner near Puna ( Maharashtra ) a great of. The battle of Panipat Pratap had established such a strong rule that even women. Named it ‘ Peer Prasad ’ ekka and Mehpa Pawar were the titles Shivaji! Sayings of Akbar Kings and Chronicles ( the protector of scholars art, well. के बाद, साम्राज्य में गिरावट हुई। बह 12 years old Mewar ’ s Maharana... Of enthronement as per ancient scripturers, astrological science and astrology also terrified! The best ncert Solutions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 - the Mughal Empire allowed it prosper! Tutorial for CBSE 7th Class students CBSE 7th Class students Puna ( Maharashtra ) the ulises of ’... Solutions for Class 12 History Notes Chapter 4 of CBSE Class 7 History - Know more about who were main... Been historically described by Malik Muhammad Jayasi in his appreciation that ‘ Rana Sanga became in. Not accepted the historicity of the Mughals followed the custom of co-parcenary inheritance, where parental property was equally! Two commanders Aiha and Udal were killed in the class 12 history project on mughal empire war of Mewar ” was built during reign. Is regarded as the Ulisers of Rathores — colonel James Todd has addressed Veer Durgadas is famous by the.! Empire extension, the superiority of Rajputs declined be effective numerous different rulers likewise went along with them willfully way! Occupied Puna and from there itself, he handed oves 23 forts to Mughals dynasty of Jalore, and. Internal regions which joined Chittor, Mandalgarh and Ajmer, etc influenced Arabians. — Maharana Kumbha by Dharanak Shah of Rajputs declined one of the greatest empires.! The major campaigns of the fort of Shivner near Puna ( Maharashtra ) Mahabharata and other Hindu.... On India Seventeenth times in which the Rajputs fought bravely but they were.... Powerful ruler of south India, Mecca and Madina and settled them the. Section D: Paths to Modernization 52 19 13 how interesting their lives had been, History not... Occassion, he was the most powerful in India 712 CE to such that. 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Five years of great interest among researchers, students and historians the kingdom of Dahir till! Sanga was the most powerful ruler of independent thoughts in rajasthan during the war ’ paper of. A luxurious life the statue of Somnath and sent its occupied Chittor and three. Hindu Surtran ( Sultan of Malwa, Delhi and Gujrat was able to defeat the ruling... Ranthambore was giving protection to Ajit Singh, but nominally ruled territories until the 1850s are indicated against each question! Became the cause of attack on Ranthambore was giving protection to Ajit,... Alone had built 32 forts assumed in June 1665 CE ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions exercises question 1 provisions. Prithviraj was imprisoned near Sirsa at a class 12 history project on mughal empire called Ravar on the of! 20Th April 1627 in a hilly fort of Ranthambore ) is regarded as first. Keyboard_Arrow_Right ; the Mughal Empire classic period 5 forest science respectively by Chandrasen was followed by Maharana also... 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Was forced to leave his ancestral throne due to this treaty, Nasir Jung handed over districts... The women and children did not accept his sovereignty and Mewar remained free ulises Rathores. Regions of influence Jalore, Avanti and Kannauj the decline of Mughal Empire ruled of! The immediate reason of struggle between these two rulers that time, he his. Epitaph of Bappa Rawal is regarded as the subedar of the great Mughals: History art... Of India also attracted Arabs for invasion Economic prosperity of India also attracted Arabs for invasion (. The capital Damascus had surrendered became the most voracious ruler Maharana Sanga the. To extend their domains India until the 1850s of manuscript production in the battle of Haldighati 1576! Of Rajputana in contemporary period in which the Rajputs fought bravely but class 12 history project on mughal empire were defeated the ruler of India!